Birefringence is the optical property of a material having a refractive index that depends on the polarization and propagation direction of light. 
International Scientific Vocabulary 1 bi-+ refringent refracting, from Latin refringent-, refringens, present participle of refringere to break up — more at refract
Birefringence is defined as double refraction of light in a transparent, molecularly ordered material that is caused by the existence of orientation-dependent ...
Birefringent Materials. Crystalline materials may have different indices of refraction associated with different crystallographic directions. A common situation with ...
It should be noted that the study (57) has not considered the packing and cooling stages of the ICM in the development of the flow birefringence and also the ...
Examples from the Web for birefringence Expand Historical Examples The difference between the two indices is a measure of the strength of the double refraction or ...
The birefringence of a material is characterized by the difference, Dn, in the indices of refraction for the ordinary and extraordinary rays.
Crystals possessing birefringence include hexagonal (such as calcite), tetragonal, and trigonal crystal classes exhibit birefringence, and are known as uniaxial.
Encyclopedia article on birefringence, double refraction ... In the literature, the term birefringence occurs with two different meanings.
Optical Birefringence. Many transparent solids, such as glass, are optically isotropic, which means that their index of refraction is equal in all directions ...